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Information About Ahaia History
Ahaias history begins in ancient times, while culture makes its appearance at the end of the Neolithic era. The first inhabitants were the Pelasgians, who had set up many villages in the region. Later came the Ionians from Attica around 1406 B.C. who took power dividing it in 12 cities with Eliki as capital, also changing the name of Aigialia to Ionia. The area was directly linked to the most important centers of the Mycenean culture, and after the Trojan war, in which several cities took part, the Dorians used it as passage from central Greece (1100 B.C.), in order to spread throughout Peloponnese. The Dorians dominated throughout Peloponnese except the then called Ionia, forcing the Achaians of the greater area of Sparta and Argos to ask for refuge in the land of the Ionians. The Achaian finally seized the area in 1088 B.C. and gave it their name which is maintained to this day, Ahaia.
The Ahaians converted the settlements to cities, each one consisted of seven or eight municipalities, which they shielded. They also established Patras and Leontio. The creation of Patras is speculated around 1082 or 1041 B.C. by the joining of Aroi, Antheia and Messatida. The Achaians preserved two of the Ionians institutions, the union of twelve cities with Eliki as capital that is, and the religious known as the Amphictionian institution, which colligated everyone to Elliki for common sacrifice at the temple of Poseidon Elikoniou.
Around 800 B.C. the house of Atridon was over thrown, and the "Democracy of Landowners" was established, also known as Aristocracy. It was then that the Ahaians established the first federal organization of humanity, the "Priory of Ahaian" , called the "Aâ€™ Ahaian Union" whose headquarters were in the capital city of Eliki, but was then moved to Aigio.
From the 7th until the 5th century B.C. a decline and isolation is observed in the land of Ahaia, as an example they did not take part in the Persian wars, which were of great importance to the Greek nation as well as the rest of Europe.
At a later time they started coming out of isolation and participating in the greek activities such as the Corinthian (395-387 B.C.), the Theban (371-362 B.C.) and the Holy war (355-345 B.C.). The conquer of Achaia by the Macedonians, resulted in the demise of the ancient "Priory of Achaion" and garrisons appointed to the cities which had been divided. The catastrophic raids of the Gauls followed, which wore oute and defeated the Macedonian army in 281 B.C., which the achaian cities took advantage of and rebelled against the Macedonian rulers.
With the initiative of Dymin, a new federation is established, the "Bâ€™ Achaean Union", whose main goal was the unification of all Greek cities.
At the begging of the 13th century Achaia, as well as many other greek cities, was dominated by the Franks and was freed in 1430 while being part of the Mystra Domination. In 1460 came the Turkish domination which temporarily gave way to the Venetians in 1687 but retrieved power again in 1715 until 1828 and the Greek liberation. An important fact of the time, besides the Greek Revolution in 1821, were the Orlov events, when on March 29th, 1770 when the revolution against the conqueror was declared, which had an inglorious ending and unfortunate consequences for the greek population. It was Achaia that suffered the rage of the conquerors during the German occupation by the destruction of Kalavryta in 1943 and the slaughter of civilians in 1940 by the Italian.
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